Probably, some places still offer that, even though they don’t advertise it much, having such a niche audience. Almost-instant film processing, though, was once a huge breakthrough.
One-hour processing was a service for the film in your camera once extracted from your camera. The film was turned into negatives then positives.
The one hour didn’t include the walk to the chemist and back, which as Douglas Adams pointed out, can feel pretty long.